If you are lucky enough to have a garden, then you should be wise to make it environmentally friendly. Not only is this good for attracting wildlife and it will help you to successfully grow plants and vegetables, but it will also give you a good conscience, knowing you are doing your best for the environment. There are several ways in which you can ensure that your garden is environmentally friendly, let’s take a look at a few of them.
One of the first steps to have a healthy happy garden is to start a compost heap. This is simple and easy to do and can be used to recycle things such as paper, fruits peels, old vegetables, dead leaves, egg shells and grass cuttings from when you mow the lawn. Add a bit of water to the pile every so often and turn the mulch to aerate it. You can then use this compost to fertilize your garden which is the best way of recycling and cutting back on unused waste.
When you choose to buy a plant, try to only buy species indigenous to the region. Indigenous plants are accustomed to the local environment and climate and appeals to the local wildlife. Not only will you have more insects and birds in the garden, but you will save money in the long run, because these plants are less likely to die in your garden compared to an exotic plant. Some exotic plants may even be harmful to some fauna and become weedy and overrun your garden.
You should always design your garden to save water. Planting indigenous plants will help in this respect but so will having a drip line system, which is less wasteful than using a hose. You can also save rainwater by putting out containers to catch water that can then be used for watering the plants. Do be aware that these need to be emptied often or else you will end up breeding too many mosquitoes. You can rig a system of drain pipes to take water directly from your gutters to your garden. So, you can automatically water the garden when it rains. Another option to save water is to have a rock garden in a place or two, as this will not require water at all. The importance you place on water conservation depends on the climate; living in an area with very high rainfall won’t be as important as if you live in an area where rainfall is scarce.
To be truly ecofriendly, however, you must not use pesticides in the garden. Choose natural methods to control pests on your plants. Also realize that insects provide food for birds, so it may not be all bad if you have some pests. Also keep in mind that indigenous plants are often adapted to resist endemics. Follow these steps and you can create an environmentally friendly garden.